Unrecognized European Country: Transnistria

In the east of Moldova, between the Dniester river and Ukraine, there is a state called the Republic of Transnistria. The state in question was established after the second world war.

According to 2018 records, the country has a population of 469 thousand, 43% of Romanian origin Moldovans, 28% of Ukrainians and 25% of Russians. In the ethnically rich region, some tensions arose as a result of the changes made in the language law of Uranian. As a result of the tensions, it gained the independence of the state in 1990 with the support of Soviet Russia.

In September 1990, the transnistrian interim parliament declared the Dniester Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, causing a civil war. This country has not been recognized by the united nations or any state. After Moldova declared its independence from the Soviet Union on May 23, 1991, with the new constitution in 1994, it granted autonomy to Transnistria and Gagauzia.

Although Transnistria and Moldova signed a peace treaty in 1997 in order to improve their relations, the ammunition is still in the region and problems and disagreements are still in the region, although it was decided at the OSCE’s 1999 Istanbul summit that Russia should carry this ammunition, since the ammunition of the soldiers of the Soviet Russian army would remain in the region and it would cause great expense. causes.

While the United Nations sees the establishment of a federal state with Moldova as a solution for the UN to recognize Transnistria, Moldova opposes this and argues that a federal state can only be established between Gagauzia and Transnistria. As a result, relations between Transnistria and Moldova have been blocked and the United States, especially the United States, and the European Union have given priority to the democratization of Moldova.