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Haci Bektas Veli Complex (Convent)

which was then called “Sulucakarahöyük”, and established a zawiya in his name, following the death of his mentor Baba İlyas-ı Horasani (died 1240). The only element that has survived from the first zawiyah, which can be assumed to be a modest establishment, is the halvethane called “Kızılca Halvet”, which is rumored to have been used by Hacı Bektaş Veli himself. The Hacı Bektaş Veli Tomb and Kızılcahalvet adjacent to its southern wall should be considered as the core of the complex. XIV, which is defined as the “formation period of Bektashism”. It is understood that in the 19th century, a building community, which was more comprehensive than before, was shaped as a cult complex.

Balım Sultan (died 1516), who was accepted as the second pir (Pîr-i sanisi) of Bektashism At the beginning of the century, (in 1501 -H.907-), II. With the support of Beyazıd, he assumed the sheikhship of the Hacı Bektaş Veli Zaviyesi and, with his ijtihads, organized the semi-independent dervish groups under the spiritual influence of the said facility within the framework of a certain authority and a centralized administration. The Hacı Bektaş Veli Complex, the center of Bektashism, was also built in the XVI century. Since the first quarter of the century, thanks to the support of the Janissary Corps, which was subordinate to it, as well as the raider lords in Rumeli, it increased its sphere of influence and income by establishing new zaviyes in the ever-expanding Ottoman lands, and was also developing by being equipped with many new structures.

II. Bektashism was abolished by Mahmud along with the Janissary Corps in 1826, meanwhile, Pir House was transferred to the Naqshbandiyya sect, just like the other Bektashi lodges that were not demolished as “ancient”. However, as a result of the freedom brought by the Tanzimat, the Hacı Bektaş Veli Complex was also restructured in the XIX. the second half of the century and the XX. It is observed that some new units were built in the first quarter of the century and many repairs were made.

After the dervish lodges and tombs were closed in 1925, the Hacı Bektaş Veli Complex was used as a Numune Agricultural School for a while, and with the efforts of H. Zübeyir Koşay, who was the director of the Ministry of Education Asâr-ı Atika and Hars in this period, the goods in the lodge were saved from disintegration, and those with artistic value were saved. The inventories were made and first moved to a warehouse in Ankara Castle, and then to the museum in question upon the establishment of the Ankara Ethnography Museum. The comprehensive repair of the complex was started by the Ministry of National Education in 1958, continued by the General Directorate of Foundations since 1959, and the building complex, which was largely restored in accordance with its original form, was opened to visitors as a museum on 16 August 1964, with its original furniture.

Hacı Bektaş Veli Dervish Lodge, located on Kayseri Street in the Bala District of the Hacıbektaş district of Nevşehir province, was expanded with the additions made during the reigns of Orhan Gazi, Murad I (Hüdavendigâr), Yıldırım Bayezid and Yavuz Sultan Selim. century, it was brought to its present position. The tomb of Haci Bektas Veli was rebuilt in 1385 by Seyyid Ali Sultan, son of Haci Bektas Veli. Sultan II. Bayezit had the area around the tomb arranged in 1485-1486 and had its dome covered with lead. Sultan IV. After the restoration of Mustafa in 1807, Sultan II. In 1827, Mahmut had all the structures except the tomb demolished and had a mosque built in the eastern corner of the convent courtyard. With the architects he sent from Istanbul, Sultan Abdülaziz had the building complex rebuilt under the control of Ali Celaleddin Çelebi and repaired the tombs. Sultan II. Abdülhamit also repaired the lodge in 1895, expanded it and brought it to its present state.

Haci Bektas Veli Complex I. Courtyard (Nadar Courtyard), II. Courtyard (Dergah Courtyard) and III. The courtyard consists of the buildings around it.

The complex has a three-court layout, which is also observed in old Turkish palaces. The units housed by the kulliye were placed around these courtyards in accordance with their functions. In the Pir Evi, where a military hierarchy and discipline dominates its internal order, a unit has been considered for every function that must be fulfilled. In accordance with a Bektashi-specific terminology, these units are “mihman house / horse house / bread house etc.” named as. At the head of these units, which were organized as “hearths” within themselves, a father known as “father of mihman house / father of horse house” and his entourage “lives”

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