After his extraordinary security council meeting yesterday, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that he accepted the request for recognition as separate “independent countries” of the two regions in eastern Ukraine, Donetsk and Luhansk, where Russian separatists are located.
The pro-Russian separatists, who have de facto controlled certain areas in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of eastern Ukraine since the conflicts in 2014, unilaterally declared these two “republics” in these areas. This one-sided advertisement is called “self-determination”.
Despite the 2015 ceasefire by Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists in the east of the country, conflicts in the region continued. The two independent “people’s republics” proclaimed by separatists in about a third of Donbas, Donetsk and Luhansk, were not recognized by Russia, as well as by Ukraine and Western countries. However, since 2019, Russia has provided Russian passports to many people living in Donbas.